Imagine a farm. Give yourself some room. Imagine a farm with 110 acres.
This 110 acres has over 50 acres of forest, 40 acres of prairie, 4 ponds fed by seasonal creeks. There are 20 acres of pastures, gardens, orchards and managed forest. Parts of this farm are managed as “no-touch” nature reserve and some of it is used only for wild edibles, medicinals and deceased tree harvest.
What is a water level? I guess first before going into that we need to understand a few things about water.
Water finds it’s own level.
If you think about the edge of a calm lake. It’s like a big bowl. All the way around the lake where the waters edge meets land is level. That is a contour line. If you find a way to mark that line, then drain the lake that marked line would be a level contour line in the landscape.
1. Observe and Interact
2. Catch and Store Energy
3. Obtain a yield
4. Apply Self Regulation and Accept Feedback
5. Use and Value Renewable Resources and Services
6. Produce No Waste
7. Design From Patterns to Details
8. Integrate Rather Than Segregate
9. Use Small and Slow Solution
10. Use and Value Diversity
11. Use Edges and Value the Marginal
12. Creatively Use and Respond to change
These are the 12 design principles of permaculture. Give the list a few minutes to soak in. Pile all those principles on top of the 3 ethics of Permaculture.